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Home :: Shirak
Shirak
Shirak Marz

Area:
 3626 km2
Population: 361400
Administrative Center: Gyumri
Distance from Yerevan to Gyumri: 126 km
Mountains: Pambak range, Ashotsk plateau, Ampasar 3047m, Zohasar 3063m, Ghukassian 3042m, Harsnakar 2491m, Yerakatar 2980m, Tsurtav 2950m, Achkasar 3916m, Gailasar 3125m, Kechut 3155m, Karakhach pass, Jajur tunnel 
Lakes: Paghakn, Akhurian, Karnut, Mantash, Arpi
Rivers: Akhurian, Mantash, Chlkan, Ashotsk, Chichkhan, Shirak channel
Gyumri: Dramatic theatre. Cathedral, 6-7th cc.. St. Nshan church, 19th c.. Surb Astvatsatsin church, 19th c.. Amenaprkich church, 19th c.. House-Museums of A.Issahakian, M.Mkrtchian & H.Shiraz. 
Gyumri is one of the oldest cities in the world. With its population, territory, economical and cultural significance it is the second city of Armenia. Gyumri is situated in the north-west of Armenia. The length of Shirak valley where Gyumri is situated is about 35 km and the width is abouth 25 km. This valley borders with Turkey. Gyumri emerged during the reign of king Argishti in 8th c. B.C.. A cuneiform inscription found in the village of Vahramaberd tells about the settlement called Kumairi. The Greek historian and military leader Xenophon also mentioned about this settlement in his Anaebasis. Leninakan has been the official name of the city since 1924. Gyumri is known as the center of traditional Armenian architecture, science, public health service, tourism. The inhabitants of Gyumri have gained the reputation of hospitable people with rich sense of humor. Gyumri’s fertile land gave birth to worldly known scientists and writers, poets and musicians.

Marmashen: Monastery, 10-11th cc.
Vahramaberd: Vahramaberd fortress, 8th c. B.C
Karnut: Basilica church, 4-5th cc.
Mayissian: Church, 7th c.
Jajur: Museum of M.Avetissian
Azatan: Regional history museum
Artik: St. Gevorg, Surb Astvatsatsin churches, 5th c.. Lmbatavank monastery, 7th c.
Harich: Surb Arakelahimn monastery, 12-13th cc.. Church, 7th c.. Makaravank monastery, 10-13th cc.
Lernakert: Basilica church, 5th c.
Gusanagjugh: Medieval castle, 11th c.
Anipemza: Basilica of Yereruik, 5th c.
Sarnaghbiur: Church, 13th cent.
Bardzrashen: Church and Chapel, 11th-13th cent.
Jrapi:
 Caravanserai, 13th cent.

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